This Java history article presents you the timeline of events and how Java evolved to its current state. As part of JavaPapers, I wanted to record this precious history time line. This historical information is collated from Internet and various related sources. I did my best to provide accurate information and if you find any discrepancies please comment below.
Project named “Green Project” was started. Green project’s goal was to support home consumer devices. Consumer devices to be made intelliegent so they can interact with each other and they can be controlled via a remote. Bill Joy, James Gosling, Mike Sheradin, Patrick Naughton were the key members of the Green Project.
James Gosling was the software lead and architect. His initial objective was to find a suitable language for Green Project. He chose C++ and wrote extensions wherever there were gaps. Then the features were not sufficient for the project needs and creating a new language was the next move. He started working on the new language and named it as “Oak”, there was an Oak tree outside his office window.
SPARCstation 10’s architect Ed Frank joins Green project to lead the hardware work. Objective was to develop a hardware prototype and demonstrate the capabilities. The project was code named star-seven (*7). Team members of star 7 project were Craig Forrest, Al Frazier, Ed Frank, James Gosling, Patrick Naughton, Joe Parlang, Jon Payne, Mike Sheridan, Chris Warth.
Star-seven (*7) working prototype with a GUI was completed and demonstrated. At this time Green project has created a new language, an operating system, a hardware platform and an interface. Below is the demo of PDA like star 7 prototype and demo was given by James Gosling himself. I recommend you to go through the complete demo and feel amazed on what they have done during 1991 – 1992.
FirstPerson attempts to bag order from Time-Warner for a TV set-top box interactive system. By this time, green project was not proving successful and Time-Warner order was also lost. From home consumer electronics the focus was shifted to TV and set-top box related platform.
JDK 1.2 code named Playgroud released. This version is mostly called Java 2 and was the most popular release which witnessed major conversions. Major features were collections framework, JIT compiler, policy tool, Java foundation classes, Java 2D class libraries, major enhancement in JDBC.
J2SE 5.0 code named Tiger released. Major features were Generics, Autoboxing, Annotations, Instrumentation. If you wish a detailed account of version and its features for all Java JDK, refer my old article.
Java SE 7 code named Dolphin released. This release was done after 5 long years and only this release has taken this much duration. Major features were dynamic language support, Java nio Package, multiple exception handling, try with resources and lots of minor enhancements.