Java JSON Conversion Tutorial

This is a beginner level tutorial on using the Jackson JSON API to convert between Java objects and JSON data. We have been seeing a RESTful services tutorial series in the recent past. I will be using JSON conversion in RESTful services in the coming weeks. This JSON tutorial is to help started with it.

Java 9 features was announced earlier and it includes a JSON parser that is to be bundled with the java core lib. Once that is available, we may not need a third-party library. Till then, we have to go with an external library.

There are two options we can go with. First one is the popular Jackson JSON processor a third party API. Second one is the JSR 353, Java API for JSON Processing and its reference implementation JSON-P. In this tutorial, we will use the popular option, the Jackson JSON processor.

Jackson JSON Processing

Old jackson API was in codehaus.org and presently it is hosted at github and named as FasterXML/jackson. API’s package structure also changed to com.fasterxml.jackson.*. Jackson Processor API library files can be downloaded from http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.fasterxml.jackson.core

Java to JSON Conversion

package com.javapapers.java;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

public class JavaToJSON {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		Animal crocodile = new Animal(1, "Crocodile", "Wild");
		ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
		try {
			objectMapper.writeValue(new File("animal.json"), crocodile);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

		try {
			objectMapper.writerWithDefaultPrettyPrinter().writeValue(
					new File("prettyanimal.json"), crocodile);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
}

JSON to Java Conversion

package com.javapapers.java;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

public class JSONToJava {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		Animal animal = null;
		ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
		try {
			animal = objectMapper.readValue(new File("animal.json"),
					Animal.class);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		System.out.println(animal);
	}
}

Download Java to JSON to Java Example Project

JavaJsonConversion

JSON Conversion Output

animal.json

{"id":1,"firstName":"Crocodile","lastName":"Wild"}

prettyanimal.json

{
  "id" : 1,
  "firstName" : "Crocodile",
  "lastName" : "Wild"
}

This Java tutorial was added on 08/03/2015.

Comments on "Java JSON Conversion Tutorial" Tutorial:

  1. Pratik says:

    This is how easy it should be,
    Thanks Joe

  2. Bhimaraya says:

    Dear Sir,
    Can you explain how to calculate the size of an object in java.
    case 1 : Class does not contain any instance variable. If we create an instance of this class, then what is the size of an object?
    Case 2: class contains some instance variables.If we create an instance of this class, then what is the size of an object?.

    Provide some sample code w.r.t this.

    With Regards,
    Bhimaraya Nad

Comments are closed for this "Java JSON Conversion Tutorial" tutorial.